Christian Theology and Apologetics

Archive for the category “Attributes of God”

Keeping the Slaughter of Canaan in Context

slaughter of the Canaanites.001Are the conquest narratives in the Old Testament any different from what we are currently viewing with ISIS throughout the Middle East and Europe? Questions like this often come up in discussing the existence of objective moral values and duties and their proper grounding. When God is posited as the grounding of morality, the objector usually brings up some obscure OT text that he or she thinks will demonstrate that God has a warped sense of morality and it is usually in this context that the conquest narratives are brought up.

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Attributes of God: Incorporeality Part 2, The Incarnation

Spas_vsederzhitel_sinayIn the previous post in this two-part series, I discussed some of the challenges to the divine attribute of incorporeality. Perhaps the largest difficulty regarding the incorporeality of God is the Incarnation of the λόγος (Logos) into flesh. How could an immaterial God become an embodied human being?


Biblical data regarding the incarnation is scant, but relevant to this discussion:

            In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God.

            All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being.[1]


From this passages alone, it is clear that Christ was an uncreated being that existed coeternally with God, the Father.

John also mentions the Incarnation of Christ:

And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of the only-begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth.[2]

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Attributes of God: Incorporeality Part 1

Traditional Christianity affirms that God is an immaterial, nonphysical reality. This is to say that God is formless or “without body.”[1] Christianity has historically opposed material conceptions of God and instead posited that God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are lacking any material structure or composition, that is apart from the incarnation of Christ. Among the attributes of God, incorporeality is a negative attribute, unlike the others, which ascribe God to possess something. Incorporeality states there is something God does not have—a body. Read more…

Attributes of God: Omnipotence

In traditional theism, God is thought to be the greatest conceivable being. Philosophers and theologians alike posit that a maximally great being would possess certain great-making properties such as omnipotence, omnibenevolence, omniscience, aseity, and so on.[1] Read more…

Divine Aseity Continued: Dealing with Realism (Platonism)


Threats to Divine Aseity

Two Types of Platonism

Perhaps the largest threat to the doctrine of Divine Aseity is Platonism. There are generally two types of Platonism; I will refer to these as hard and soft Platonism. Hard Platonism posits eternal abstract objects existing with God, whereas, soft platonism is only committed to abstract objects in the sense of semantic objects like “7.” For instance, if a truck driver radio’s over the CB, “what’s your twenty?” It does not follow, that he is asking for an object called “twenty.” This is just a grammatical direct object that which does not imply the actual existence of an object called your “twenty.” Thus, the soft Plutonists really pose no threat to Divine Aseity; rather, it is the hard Plutonism that is in conflict with God’s a se existence. Read more…

Divine Aseity


First I must give thanks, where thanks is due. I attended a class (Coherence of Theism) by Dr. William Lane Craig and it has helped me tremendously in regards to the attributes of God and I suggest anyone that is interested and able to attend this class, you will not regret it.

God as a self-existant being is central to the Judaeo-Christian faith. If the universe and everything in it were to spontaneously disappear God would still exist though everything else that exists contingently would not. Thus, God exists a se and everything else is dependent on him. Read more…

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