UnApologetic

Christian Theology and Apologetics

Archive for the category “Theology”

Keeping the Slaughter of Canaan in Context

slaughter of the Canaanites.001Are the conquest narratives in the Old Testament any different from what we are currently viewing with ISIS throughout the Middle East and Europe? Questions like this often come up in discussing the existence of objective moral values and duties and their proper grounding. When God is posited as the grounding of morality, the objector usually brings up some obscure OT text that he or she thinks will demonstrate that God has a warped sense of morality and it is usually in this context that the conquest narratives are brought up.

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Cracking Concrete: The Grounding Objection Refuted

Grunge concrete cement wall with crack in industrial building, great for your design and texture background

By far the most common objection to middle knowledge is what theologians and philosophers call the grounding objection. The objection posits counterfactuals have nothing grounding their truth-value. Read more…

Predestination and Molinism

idea-light-bulbthinkstockCounterfactuals

In order to understand Molinism, one needs to understand counterfactuals. These are conditional statements in the subjunctive mood. Simply put, a counterfactual is a statement like this: If the Columbia space shuttle did not launch, it would not have blown up. The antecedent “if the Columbia space shuttle did not launch” is obviously false, it did launch and explode midair. Counterfactuals are used in everyday decision-making. If I were not so set my alarm clock I would be late for work. If I leave the iron on it would burn down the house. If I take this route I’ll get stuck in traffic. These statements are crucial to sound decision-making. Read more…

Calvinism and the Unknowable Commands of God

confused-personThere are several passages in Scripture affirming the doctrine of predestination. The primitive church prayed “. . . do whatever Your hand and Your purpose predestined to occur.”

Paul stated,

For those whom He foreknew, He also predestined to become conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brethren; and these whom He predestined, He also called; and these whom He called, He also justified; and these whom He justified, He also glorified.

Predestine (GK προορίζω) means “to come to a decision beforehand—‘to decide beforehand, to determine ahead of time, to decide upon ahead of time.’” Thus, when Paul is talking about God predestining those he foreknew to become conformed to the image of His Son, Paul is saying God decided beforehand who would become conformed to Christ’s image. Few Christians would disagree with this doctrine. However, there is considerable divergence of opinion as to how predestination is to be filled out. Read more…

Divine Foreknowledge and Human Freedom: Are They Mutually Exclusive

scaleIn Scripture, we are told that nothing escapes his (God’s) gaze (Psalm 33:13-15). Entire nations are like clay in the hand of a potter (Jer 18:1-6). God possessing omniscience has a complete and infinitely detailed knowledge of this world; he knows its history, present state, and the entirety of its future. God has complete control over this world (omnipotence). God, being omnibenevolent has an exhaustive plan, which exhibits his moral perfection and love for his creation. Thus, God lovingly directs all events and creatures to the end he has predetermined for them.This begs the question: If God foreknows what I will do, then how in any real sense of the word am I free? Read more…

Ecclesiastes Explained: Unraveling the Negative Connotations.

The book of Ecclesiastes is perhaps the most undervalued book in the canon of Scripture. Sadly, Laymen, pastors, and even some scholars fail to understand its contents. It is also a common misconception among Christians today that Ecclesiastes contains contradictions and Agnostic sentiments. It is these dogmatic and unverified beliefs that cause doubts in its canonicity. Others posit that it is the work of later editors. Read more…

God, Time, and Middle Knowledge

Eternity

Eternity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Psalm 90.2 (NASB95)

Before the mountains were born

Or You gave birth to the earth and the world,

Even from everlasting to everlasting, You are God.

 

If God exists necessarily, it is impossible that he does not exist. He cannot come into being. Thus, God exists permanently. The question then remains as to what manner could he exist permanently? There are two possible answers. He could exist omnitemporally throughout infinite time or God could exist timelessly. In the latter case God would transcend time and have no temporal whereabouts. Read more…

Making Sense of the Sequence of Events in 1 Corinthians 15:23-28

1 Corinthians 15:23-28. In 15:23 Paul indicates the sequence of resurrection; “But each in his own order (Ἕκαστος δὲ ἐν τῷ ἰδίῳ τάγματι): Christ the first fruits (ἀπαρχὴ Χριστός), after that those who are Christ’s at His coming (ἔπειτα οἱ τοῦ χριστοῦ ἐν τῇ παρουσίᾳ αὐτοῦ).”[1] It is clear that Paul is indicating a sequence by his use of the term “order, τάγμα,” which denotes rank in the “economy of resurrection.”[2] Read more…

A Quick Note on the Parousia of Christ.

The Below is an excerpt from my Thesis currently in work and as such is copyrighted material.

1 Thess. 2.19. F.F. Bruce comments, “This is the earliest occurrence in literature of παρουσια in its distinctive Christian sense of the advent of Christ in glory.”[1] In this passage, Paul considers his spiritual children as his joy (χαρά) or crown (στέφανος).[2] The Thessalonian community came to faith as a result of Paul’s ministry and as such he considers them his crown, because at the parousia, he would be rewarded for his efforts in bringing them to faith. Hence, judgment was expected at Christ’s parousia. Read more…

Pharaoh of the Exodus

ahmoseII-hWho was the Pharaoh of the Exodus? Many have attempted to answer this question throughout the years and it is the goal of this research to also attempt an answer to one of the most eluding questions surrounding this period in time. There are several theories pertaining to whom this pharaoh could have been and each has compelling evidence in their favor. Read more…

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