UnApologetic

Christian Theology and Apologetics

Archive for the tag “Molinism”

Cracking Concrete: The Grounding Objection Refuted

Grunge concrete cement wall with crack in industrial building, great for your design and texture background

By far the most common objection to middle knowledge is what theologians and philosophers call the grounding objection. The objection posits counterfactuals have nothing grounding their truth-value. Read more…

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Predestination and Molinism

idea-light-bulbthinkstockCounterfactuals

In order to understand Molinism, one needs to understand counterfactuals. These are conditional statements in the subjunctive mood. Simply put, a counterfactual is a statement like this: If the Columbia space shuttle did not launch, it would not have blown up. The antecedent “if the Columbia space shuttle did not launch” is obviously false, it did launch and explode midair. Counterfactuals are used in everyday decision-making. If I were not so set my alarm clock I would be late for work. If I leave the iron on it would burn down the house. If I take this route I’ll get stuck in traffic. These statements are crucial to sound decision-making. Read more…

Calvinism and the Unknowable Commands of God

confused-personThere are several passages in Scripture affirming the doctrine of predestination. The primitive church prayed “. . . do whatever Your hand and Your purpose predestined to occur.”

Paul stated,

For those whom He foreknew, He also predestined to become conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brethren; and these whom He predestined, He also called; and these whom He called, He also justified; and these whom He justified, He also glorified.

Predestine (GK προορίζω) means “to come to a decision beforehand—‘to decide beforehand, to determine ahead of time, to decide upon ahead of time.’” Thus, when Paul is talking about God predestining those he foreknew to become conformed to the image of His Son, Paul is saying God decided beforehand who would become conformed to Christ’s image. Few Christians would disagree with this doctrine. However, there is considerable divergence of opinion as to how predestination is to be filled out. Read more…

Divine Foreknowledge and Human Freedom: Are They Mutually Exclusive

scaleIn Scripture, we are told that nothing escapes his (God’s) gaze (Psalm 33:13-15). Entire nations are like clay in the hand of a potter (Jer 18:1-6). God possessing omniscience has a complete and infinitely detailed knowledge of this world; he knows its history, present state, and the entirety of its future. God has complete control over this world (omnipotence). God, being omnibenevolent has an exhaustive plan, which exhibits his moral perfection and love for his creation. Thus, God lovingly directs all events and creatures to the end he has predetermined for them.This begs the question: If God foreknows what I will do, then how in any real sense of the word am I free? Read more…

God, Time, and Middle Knowledge

Eternity

Eternity

 

 

 

 

 

 

Psalm 90.2 (NASB95)

Before the mountains were born

Or You gave birth to the earth and the world,

Even from everlasting to everlasting, You are God.

 

If God exists necessarily, it is impossible that he does not exist. He cannot come into being. Thus, God exists permanently. The question then remains as to what manner could he exist permanently? There are two possible answers. He could exist omnitemporally throughout infinite time or God could exist timelessly. In the latter case God would transcend time and have no temporal whereabouts. Read more…

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